Academic Supercomputing in Europe
Population: 58.1 million
GDP/capita: € 23,300
The organisations involved in making the HPC policy are the Ministry
for Education, University and Research (MIUR), the National Research
Council (CNR), the Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the
Environment (ENEA) and the National Institute for Nuclear Physics
MIUR finances several supercomputing centres and the backbone of the
high-performance research network. MIUR has established a National
Strategic Program (FIRB program) for Information Society.
ENEA has invested in massively parallel computing platforms of the
Italian Quadrics technology. INFN, in the frame of its particle physics
research program, has started up the APEmille project.
The university consortia, which operate supercomputer centres are:
CINECA in Bologna, which provides a national service, CILEA in Milan,
principally in support to Lombard universities, and CASPUR in Rome,
which serves the universities of Rome and of South Italy.
Supercomputing facilities for the academia
- CASPUR (Rome): IBM pSeries (690/64 + 670/16), IBM SP Power3/70,
HP Alphacluster/60, HP cluster (16 Itanium2/900-1000-1500),
Beowulf cluster (50 Opteron/2000), NEC SX-6/8
- CILEA: Beowulf cluster (256 Xeon/3060), HP SuperDome/64, HP
V2500/20, 2´HP N4000/8
- CINECA: IBM p5-575/512, IBM cluster (1024 Xeon/3060), Compaq AlphaServer/128,
SGI Altix 3700/64, HP cluster (64 Itanium2/1400)
- ENEA (Casaccia): Compaq cluster/80
- ENEA (Frascati): IBM cluster (16 P4/2400)
- INFN (Napels): Beowulf cluster (198 Athlon/2200), Beowulf cluster (14 Xeon/2800)
- INFN (Rome): Alenia APE/2048
- University of Cosenza: HP Alphaserver/64, NEC TX-7/16, HP cluster
- University of Lecce: HP cluster (128 Itanium2/1400)
- University of Napels: HP cluster (128 Itanium2/1400), Beowulf cluster (19 P4/1500),
Beowulf cluster (19 P4/1500)
- University of Pisa: Beowulf cluster (26 Athlon/1800 + 28
The figure below shows the peak performance of the #1 Italian system
and the total performance of Italian HPC systems during the last 5
National academic network
GARR is the Italian network for research and education to which all
Italian universities and main R&D centres are connected. GARR has a
2.5 Gbps backbone. The connection to GÉANT is 10 Gbps.
The 2005 budget for the GARR network is € 33 million.
A € 30 million project that started in 2000 has resulted in the
INFN LHC grid, an infrastructure primarily devised for LHC calculations.
MIUR has provided € 3 million for SPACI
(Southern Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructures), a grid
infrastructure in Southern Italy. The principal
nodes are Lecce, Napels and Cosenza.
The GRID.IT project in which six centers participate will create in the
period 2002-2005 several grid test-beds. MIUR granted € 8.1 million to the project.
Acquisition and upgrade plans
- INFN (Pisa): Cray XD1 ordered.
List of abbreviations
- CASPUR Consortium for Supercomputer Applications in University
and Research, Rome
- CILEA Consorzio Interuniversitario Lombardo per l'Elaborazione
Automatica (Consortium of 7 universities in Milan, Bergamo, Brescia and
- CINECA Centro di Calculo Interuniversitario dell'Italia
Nord-Orientale (Consortium of universities in Bologna, Firenze, Padova,
Venezia, Modena, Parma, Ferrara, Trieste, Ancona, Catania, Siena,
Triento and Udine), Bologna
- CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
- ENEA Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente
(Institute for New Technologies, Energy and Environment), Rome
- INFN National Institute for Nuclear Physics, Rome
- MIUR Ministry for Education, Universities and Research
Contacts and Addresses
Via Magnanelli 6/3
40031 Casalecchio di Reno (Bologna)
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